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Automating WYSIWYG editors using Selenium web driver

Automating web application using selenium for acceptance/integration tests is very easy. Recently I have faced few issues when automating a page with a JavaScript based WYSIWYG editors.

The reason why it is hard because most of these editors create a new editable HTML document inside an iframe. There are two ways I aware that you can set text on these editors

  1. Executing a JavaScript code in the current page
  2. Sending keys on the editable iframe

Here is how I automated two WYSIWYG editors using selenium web driver.

bootstrap-wysihtml5


private void SetBootstrapWysihtml5Content(IWebElement textArea, string content)
{
    string script = string.Format(@"$('#{0}').data('wysihtml5').editor.setValue('{1}');", textArea.GetAttribute("id"), content);
    ((IJavaScriptExecutor)this.WebDriver).ExecuteScript(script);
}

What this method does is, it accepts the TextArea web element which you are converting to an editor and the actual content to be set. Then it executes a piece of JavaScript on the current WebDriver context.

For e.g. if you have a TextArea element with id “summary” then executing below JavaScript statement will insert a “Test” as h1 tag to the editor

$('#summary').data('wysihtml5').editor.setValue('<h1>Test</h1>');

TinyMCE

private void SetTinyMCEContent(IWebElement textArea, string content)
{
    string textAreaId = textArea.GetAttribute("id");
    string frameId = string.Format("{0}_ifr", textAreaId);
    var frame = this.WebDriver.FindElement(By.Id(frameId));
    this.WebDriver.SwitchTo().Frame(frame);
    ((IJavaScriptExecutor)this.WebDriver).ExecuteScript("document.body.innerHTML = '" + content + "'");
    this.WebDriver.SwitchTo().DefaultContent();
}

This method also accepts the TextArea web element which you are converting to an editor and the actual content to be set. Then it finds the corresponding iframe and set the innerHTML by executing a JavaScript statement.

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